陆谷孙︱翻译就是一种飞越和抵达

说到翻译,我心目中常出现“抵达”两字。从一种文字出发,“抵达”另一种文字的彼岸。

为了“抵达”,当然最理想的莫过于搭桥跨越:book=书, ebook=电子书,一桥飞架,沟通即成。编写双语词典的人巴不得两种语言里全是这样的字和词,原因大概就在于此。但是,更多的时候,两种文字因其附着于上的文化大异其趣,各自的奥秘远离桥的两边,深埋在内陆腹地,单靠跨越,根本找不到对应点,“抵达”便无从说起。这时,我异想天开的头脑里会出现“飞越”二字,就好比我在水的这边钻进一架直升机,把起飞地点的物理条件周详勘察,知之稔熟,譬如说海拔多少,地貌特点是什么,土质如何,然后驾机腾空而起,越水飞到对岸,目测着搜索比较,...

cheat和cheat on


cheat简单说就是骗,但是伴侣搞小三的那种骗一定要加on:

If someone cheats on their husband, wife, or partner, they have a sexual relationship with another person.

He's cheating on his wife.

他对妻子不忠。

I'd found Philippe was cheating on me and I was angry and hurt. 

发觉菲利普对我不忠后,我又气愤又伤心。

She has been cheating on her husband...

You can't be too careful

can't be too careful很容易误以为是“不能太小心”,实际意思完全相反。牛津词典:

Used to warn sb that they should take care to avoid danger or problems 无论怎样小心也不会过分;越小心越好

Don't stay out in the sun for too long─you can't be too careful.

别在太阳底下待得太久,你得尽量小心。


其实应该这样理解,too careful是”过于小心“的一种状态,加上前面的否定can't be,就是不可能达到”过于小心“这种...

从空城计悟出的道理:不要滥用谎言

How Chuko Liang Used A Lute To Single-Handedly Defeat An Army Of 150,000

来自SUBVERSE

During China's Three Kingdoms period there was a brilliant general and master strategist of Shu Han named Chuko“Sleeping Dragon”Liang. During the War of the Three Kingdoms, he had sent a majority of his soldiers many...

9 embarrassing grammar mistakes, and how to avoid

作者:Christina Sterbenz 来自Business Insider

Some might consider grammar an annoying technicality, a detail of speech and writing not worth the time fussing over.

fuss over:过分关心

"That's bunk," writes Nick Corcidolos, a headhunter in Silicon Valley since 1979.

bunk:瞎话,胡说。headhunter:...

指手画脚的BOSS

《老友记》第一季17集,Rachel和Monica相互吐槽,Rachel以第一人称暗讽Monica说:I get to boss people around...Monica反唇相讥:

Oh, god, I am so spoiled... 

Monica确实有强迫症,任何事情都要按自己习惯来,经常对人指指点点。看到这个说法才知道“指手画脚”的说法其实就这么简单。

Collins词典对boss的解释:if you say someone bosses you, you mean that they keep telling you what to do in a way that...

数字0的五种读法总结(转自中国日报)

读法一

oh

应用场合:0出现在小数点后;0出现在房间号或公交车路中;0出现在手机号中;0出现在年份中。

举例:

▷9.02 读作 Nine point oh two

▷Room 101 读作 Room one oh one

▷Bus 602 读作 Bus six oh two

▷13801234567 读作 One three eight oh one two three four five six seven

▷1906 读作 Nineteen oh six


读法二

nought

应用场合:0出现在小数点前

举例:

▷0.06 读作 Nought point...

仅需2秒就让别人喜欢你

Here's a simple trick to make people like you in 2 seconds

We form impressions of each other's personality within seconds of meeting — and knowing that fact can make approaching a new person incredibly nerve-wracking.

在见面几秒钟的时间里,我们便会形成相互的印象——我们也知道,接近不认识的人是件伤脑筋的事。

Quick: Smile! But not too broadly...

Do you have a sec?

回家路上听到一句“Do you have a second?" 

"This is a nice way to make sure your boss isn't busy when you wanna ask them something."

还有两种近似说法,We could also say this in two different ways:

Do you have a minute? I wanna ask you something.

Do you have a sec? I need to talk to you.

联想到汉语的...

“买菜”并非buy vegetable

买菜说成buy vegetable不能说错,只是不地道,因为native English speaker不这么说。

我们买菜当然是去菜市场,地摊,要么超市。As far as I know, 老外买菜要么去supermarket,要么去grocery store。grocery store给我第一反应是杂货店,小超市的感觉。来看看牛津词典对grocery的解释:

(especially British English) (North American English usually grocery store) [可数名词] a shop/store that...

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